Historical Towns Directory

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Find Deniliquin

Deniliquin is located on the Edward River 737 kilometres from Sydney in the heart of Australia's largest irrigation area.

The indigenous Birrapa Birrapa and Wamba Wamba peoples inhabited the area prior to European settlement. The town's name is believed to derive from 'Denilakoon', the name of a local Aboriginal leader.

The 'Deniliquin' run, around 6.5 kilometres from the modern-day town, was taken up by Benjamin Boyd circa 1842.

A townsite called 'The Sandhills' was surveyed in 1848, by which time the Wanderer Inn (1845) had been established and a punt was operating across the river. The town was formally gazetted as Deniliquin in 1850.

Deniliquin Courthouse (courtesy Peppin Heritage Centre)

In 1856 a gaol was constructed. The first court was replaced in 1861. From 1883-87 a Victorian classical courthouse was constructed to a design created by James Barnet.

In 1858 English sheep breeders, George Hall Peppin and his two sons, took up Wanganella run. It was here that they furthered the Australian wool industry by developing a breed of merino sheep more suited to the Australian conditions and producing a greater quantity and quality of wool. Around 90 per cent of Australia's merino sheep now contain some Wanganella blood.

The first bridge connecting the northern and southern sections of the town was built across the Edward River in 1861. This was also the year that the first hospital (1856) and the second hospital (1858) merged. The current hospital complex still retains the original structure.

In 1868 Deniliquin became a municipality.

A private rail connection from Echuca reached Deniliquin in 1876. A town hall was also built that year. In 1879 the Old George Street Public School was constructed. The earlier schoolhouse (1862) was no longer big enough to accommodate the growing population and became the teacher's house. The school buildings now house the Peppin Heritage Centre, named in honour of the Peppin family.

Peppin Heritage Centre, Deniliquin (courtesy Peppin Heritage Centre)

Deniliquin continued to develop as a centre of rural industry throughout the 1900s. High-water crops, especially rice, are now a focus of the district and Deniliquin is home to the largest rice mill in the Southern Hemisphere.

According to the 2001 Census Deniliquin had a population of 7786 people.

Deniliquin & District Historical Society Inc
Information: The role of the Society (founded 1958) us to collect, collate and make available for reference or study, records, documents, photographs and other material relating to the history of Deniliquin and district, and to foster the preservation of objects and buildings of historic value.
Events: Open Days during NSW Heritage Week each year.
President Phone: 03 5881 1830
Secretary Phone: 0408 454948
Contact: Bill Mulham (President); Janice Harrington (Secretary)

PO Box 678
Deniliquin NSW 2710

Email: janice.harrington@bigpond.com
Deniliquin and District Historical Society Inc. - Museum
Information: Housed in a former police inspector's residence, built 1887, the Society's museum section contains displays of photographs (over 12,000 held by the Society); local newspapers dating back to 1859; books by local authors and others on the history of Deniliquin and district; a War Veterans room, and items of memorabilia and artefacts from early times. Opening hours are 10am to 12pm Tuesdays and Saturdays. Other times by arrangement.
Phone: 0408 454948

3 Macauley Street
Deniliquin NSW

Deniliquin Visitor Information Centre
Information: The Visitor Information Centre is located within the Peppin Heritage Centre in George Street and is open 7 days a week.
Phone: 1800 650 712

Corner George and Napier streets
Deniliquin NSW

Postal Address:

PO Box 270
Deniliquin NSW 2710

Email: peppinh@deniliquin.nsw.gov.au
Website: http://www.denitourism.com.au/
Peppin Heritage Centre
Information: The Peppin Heritage Centre, which incorporates the Deniliquin Visitor Information Centre, is housed in Deniliquin's first public school. The building is named after the Peppin family who operated a sheep station at Wanganella, just outside of Deniliquin. The Museum contains the following permanent exhibits which are free to visit: * Peppin Merino Story * Lawson Syphons * 'Struggle for Water', which details the difficulties encountered by early settlers in their search for water and a brief mention of the Chinese contribution to the area * 'Squatters, Surveyors & Selectors – Settlements along the Edward River', which covers the history of the stations on both sides of the river * Wanganella Goal and the Headless Horseman, which is a one room weatherboard building that served as a lock up and now houses a display about Deniliquin Goal and the Headless Horseman story * Warriston Ram Shed, which is a reconstruction of a typical ram shed that was used in the area from the 1860s to the 1920s. Open daily 9 am - 4 pm
Phone: 1800 650 712

295 George Street
Deniliquin NSW 2710

Email: info@denitourism.com.au
Website: www.denitourism.com.au



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